Last updated on January 13, 2023
The constant movement of moving for nearly 10 months ago on my round the world trip finally caught up with me in Amsterdam. My time in Europe the previous weeks had been an opportunity to slow down and sink into a slower pace of travel. Instead of racing through sights as I did in Southeast Asia, I was keen to find unique towns and cities and then delve deeply into that one place. Staying in Amsterdam for weeks was a practical way to combat the weariness that had crept into my travel days. Which is how I found myself with many weeks to hunker down in Amsterdam and “live like a local” during a housesit, where my only job was to feed a cat and bike the streets of Amsterdam to my heart’s content.
Getting to Amsterdam was a bit of a debacle. Český Krumlov in the Czech Republic charmed me in every way. Although I had intended to stay a couple of nights, I cozied into a cute hostel and stayed for a week while I ate my face off and rafted down the Vltava River. When it was time to leave, I booked a flight—the trains prices were Europe expensive since we hadn’t booked ahead, the difference was a 50 euro flight versus a 135 euro train ride. My cousin and I hadn’t bought a rail pass this time, so the flight was the better deal. The day before our flight, I realized that I had booked the wrong day. Since it was an extra day rather than a day sooner, my cousin and I didn’t miss our flight, thankfully! After a scramble to book another night at our hostel, I knew it would be nice to settle into one place for weeks and dispense with the time-consuming travel planning aspect of a round-the-world trip … at least until it was time to move onward to the UK!
Amsterdam. What a gorgeous city and a true treat that my cousin had a friend who just-so-happened to need a house-sitter so she could visit family in the states over summer break. In exchange for feeding her two cats we had: two bikes, a gorgeous flat, two museum cards, and the opportunity to truly dive into Amsterdam and travel the city like a local.
How to Travel Amsterdam Like a Local
The house-sitting flat served as homebase for my time living like a local in Amsterdam (Update 2021: Airbnb would offer a similar experience now, although it didn’t exist yet on this trip). After 10 months of eating at restaurants and cooking in hostel kitchens, Amsterdam’s incredible farmers’ markets were precisely the boost I needed. During the summer, fresh fruits and locally-grown veggies fill the markets—and there’s a farmers’ market scheduled nearly every day of the week!
Juicy red currants had just come into season when I arrived in late July and they graced my breakfast every single day. Other gorgeous carrots, beans, zucchini, and tomatoes made for a delicious chili one night. And the beautiful veggies and fruits were just one reason to enjoy the farmers’ markets: it’s also the best place to find locals. I ultimately spent much time uncovering the best things to do in Amsterdam as a traveler, and the food aspect is one of the best ways to actually see what it feels like to live in a city. Few Dutch people eat in Central Amsterdam every night of the week—instead they shop for food, cook, and enjoy the bounty of locally-grown foods. So, around all of my time exploring Amsterdam, I cooked my meals and ate like a local whenever possible. Then it was on to using my newfound bike, museum card, and local tips from friends to dive into the city one step at a time.
Rent a bike and navigate Amsterdam like a pro.
Amsterdam has a reputation as one of Europe’s most progressive cities. And while a lot of that reputation comes from the “coffee shops” selling a range of legal consumables, there’s so much more to the city. The biking culture is strong, in fact it’s beyond strong—with absolute support from the government Amsterdam has a phenomenal network of safe bike lanes that, in may cases, are given priority over cars. Biking around Amsterdam isn’t just safe, it’s practically required if you want to travel the city like a local. My friend left me an old jalopy of a bike of putter on through the streets as I explored the museums, parks, and markets.
With weeks on my side, my bike and I explored all the nooks-and-crannies that I could find in the city, and I whittled down the list of things to do in Amsterdam to my core favorites—those things that you could feasibly visit with just a few days, in fact. Because although I loved deeply exploring, that’s a lot of time for most travelers and Amsterdam is often just a stop along a longer backpacking trip through the city.
Rent a Bike
To properly undertake the next steps, you need to rent a bike in the city. It’s not only the preferred transport for locals, it’s faster and way more fun than either walking or public transport. There is no shortage of bike rental companies, so pick one near your accommodation.
Once you’ve rented a bike, ease yourself into learning to navigate. There are rules to the road here, and biking is pretty serious—locals whiz past at top speed and the bike lanes have their own traffic lights, too. Don’t let this scare you away though, because the city’s streets are designed to accommodate a lot of bike traffic and bikes have the right of way. When my friend took me around the city before she left for the states, she pointed out the most commonly misunderstood bike riding rules.
How to Follow Local Biking Norms
Cars yield to bicycles but buses and trams do not yield—you had better GET OUT OF THE WAY asap if you’re in the path of one barreling down on you. Just as you’d expect, the red bike lanes run alongside major roads and work just like roads—you bike on the right side of the street with the flow of traffic.
Bike traffic signals rest at eye level at every intersection, and you know it’s your signal because the lights are in the shape of a bike! Call me lame, but this delights me. I quickly learned that you must only use the bike signals right next to you, not ones across the intersection (picture the screeching and squealing of car tires as I figured that one out!).
Anyhow, you will grow to love your rented bicycle and you can rest assured that locals will help give you wide berth—tourist bikes are painted bright yellow and red and locals stay well clear of floundering newbies (I didn’t have that benefit on my crusty-rusty bike). Once you’re at a stop, lock your bike securely. Truly, pay attention. The couple that I was house-sitting for had me using the jalopy bike because of the high rate of bike theft. Locals secure every part of their bikes and I had to use between three locks on the bike every time to ensure its safety (one each for the frame, tire, and seat).
So, you’ve secured your rental bike and now everything that you could possibly want to see in Amsterdam is bike-able—from the Museum complex to the Anne Frank House to the Red Light District). By renting your bike you’ve now parted with the only money you’ll send on transportation until you need to leave the city.
Spend the morning lost in Amsterdam’s best museums.
There are roughly 26 museums and/or places of interest in the city (and there’s a great free-map at the tourist office/museum information desk). Another score for the house-sitting hookup was a museum card that I could use to my heart’s content.
Although I visited most museums, including the obscure ones, the two most obvious and well touristed are solid—that’s why they’re so well touristed! You have to visit the Rijksmuseum and the Van Gogh Museum. The Anne Frank House is also unskippable. And a heads up: the EYE Film Museum and the Theatre museum are skip-able unless you have loads of time and an incredible interest.
The Van Gogh Museum is worth every penny of a visit and it would be a crime to scrimp and skip it. It’s a phenomenal museum, even on a repeat visit like mine. I was in Amsterdam during a college-era backpacking trip and I also paid a visit. The museum is larger now and seems to have even more exhibits, each showcasing masterpieces from Van Gogh and his contemporaries. The works chronicle Van Gogh’s life, and other stunning artists on display include Paul Gauguin and Emile Bernard.
There’s also an interactive exhibit on one of the upper floors for those wanting to get in touch with their inner geek (read: me) and learn more about the restoration process—it details how they even know these paintings are actually authentic Van Goghs!
And I cannot leave out the Rijksmuseum, which has some amazing silver work the likes of which I have never seen, in addition to china and various objets d’art. All told, it’s a different experience than the Van Gogh Museum, where it’s all about looking at paintings. Here, there is a good deal of variety as you wander rooms and exhibits.
If you’re on the fence about visiting, just go and spend however much time you want looking at it all. Any pressure to whole spend the day there is entirely internal, because you can just wander and find pieces that strike your fancy, and then keep going. After months on the road, I’ve learned to let go of anyone else’s expectations of how I should travel, and instead I enjoy a few hours of art and culture, then I like to head back outside and find something else to do.
I visited both of these museums twice, whenever I was nearby, and I gently strolled the corridors, stopped at pieces that caught my eye, observed, read the descriptions, soaked it in, and then went on my way. I much prefer to spend 10 minutes in front of a handful of intriguing paintings than 30 seconds at dozens in a rush to “see it all.”
Skipping some and focusing on what catches your eye will take some of the chore out of visiting museums—if Amsterdam is part of a larger European trip, start with moderation or you’ll just burn out.
Visit the markets and eat all of the things!
For foodies, there is nothing more delightful than Amsterdam’s gorgeous organic food markets. I was lucky to stay in a place with a fully stocked kitchen so I could cook a feast. But backpackers with a hostel kitchen, or hotel travelers with a mini-fridge, can also take part by buying fresh fruits or items for a picnic lunch in the park.
Amsterdam is a progressive, green city at the forefront of the movement to make cities green and increasingly live-able. And you can feel it at every level of life when you’re in the city. In addition to biking around the city instead of cars, locals have a huge selection of fabulous outdoor food markets. While I am the first to rave about the exotic treats you can find on the streets of Asia’s; just because the city is Western doesn’t mean you should skip the markets!
A wander through the local bustling markets is just as enlightening to the culture of the Netherlands as it is when strolling around Luang Prabang, Laos. I wandered through the stalls, took in the crisp scent of every vegetable imaginable, and marveled at the rich selection of fresh, in-season produce. Instead of buying Washington apples shipped from the US’s Pacific Northwest, local farmers sell juicy blueberries, currants, and other seasonal delicious, delights. It’s not only an eco-friendly adventure, it was a lot of fun, too!
Currants had just come into season when I arrived in July and these juicy red berries topped my yogurt and muesli every morning—easy enough for hostels and hotel travelers, too! Fresh oranges also packed up well for my long days of biking around the city and they were the perfect anti-dote to my craving for fresh Florida oranges—not the same, but lovely :-)
Interacting with locals, however, remains the best reasons to wander through daily and weekly markets. You can never truly know a place until you talk to the locals and embed in the daily routines. Even on a short trip to the city, the markets are a great place for trading dialogue and a bit of shopping fun while picking the perfect apple for your afternoon snack. Nearly every person in Amsterdam speaks English and if they started speaking in Dutch, I just asked for English and they flawlessly switched languages.
Beyond seeking fruits and snacks in the markets, cooking a feast using the local ingredients is a great way to feel like an authentic part of Amsterdam, after all, the locals don’t eat out every night! My friends and I cooked a feast in Italy using fresh local pasta, fresh organic tomatoes, and top-quality olive oil—it grand fun to shop around and dodge locals picking out their weekly produce.
The same holds true for Amsterdam—pick out gorgeously fresh veggies, pop into the local bread shop for fresh bread, and cook the city’s best flavors.
And just for fun, one fun find at a huge flower market was Cannabis seed starter packs. It’s just one of those things that you’re likely only going to see while wandering the streets in Amsterdam really and it cracked me up. Talk about getting some local color!
Pick a park or day trip and enjoy a picnic lunch.
What ultimate guide to Amsterdam like a local could be complete without including one of the top ways locals relax: with a picnic in the park! The city has many green spaces, and most are tourist-free and filled with locals, kids, and pets. Alternatively, locals are just as likely to head outside the city on a day trip to any of the many nearby and fascinating cities/sights. Both are equally incredible, but the park is easy for those on a time crunch since you can easily combine it with a visit to the nearby museums.
To truly feel like a local in Amsterdam, you have to relax and take it slow enough to destress and truly soak in the sunshine and fresh air. In addition to legal “coffee shop” purchases, open container laws are lax here—a stark contrast to the United States—so you can enjoy a bottle of wine, cheese, and bread while relaxing.
One of my favorite days in Amsterdam when I spent an entire afternoon reading and snacking in Vondelpark.
For visitors already renting a bike to explore the city, the trip to Vondelpark is a cinch—it’s extremely close to the Rijksmuseum and the whole museum complex. There is a delightful little bread shop and grocery store on Overtoom (on the left side of the street if coming from the train station side of town). This street is just around the corner from Vondel Park and the bread shop has the freshest bread in the city according to my local friends (it was pretty tasty!).
Whenever I needed a break, I would peddle to this small market, lock the bike up tight, and go on a mini shopping indulgence. Although I could wander the shop for a very long time, I instead picked out a loaf of bread, chose a temptingly expensive chunk of exotic cheese, grabbed a bottle of wine, and headed lakeside at Vondel Park to people watch.
Best Things to Do in Amsterdam
Beyond knowing how to explore like a local and the things you can pop around to see and do, these are the most important things to do that should absolutely be on your list when planning your time in Amsterdam.
1. Visit the Rijksmuseum
The Rijksmuseum is a museum located in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. It is home to a collection of art and artifacts from the Dutch Golden Age, including works by Rembrandt and Vermeer. The museum is known for its collection of Dutch masterpieces and is a must-see for anyone interested in art and history.
2. Explore the canals
Amsterdam is famous for its network of canals, and taking a boat tour is a great way to see the city from a different perspective. There are many boat tour companies in Amsterdam that offer a variety of tours, ranging from short sightseeing trips to longer cruises.
3. Visit the Anne Frank House
The Anne Frank House is a museum located in Amsterdam that is dedicated to the life of Anne Frank, a young girl who wrote a diary while hiding from the Nazis during World War II. The museum is located in the house where Anne and her family hid during the war and is a poignant reminder of the horrors of the Holocaust.
4. Check out the Van Gogh Museum
The Van Gogh Museum is a museum in Amsterdam that is home to the largest collection of Van Gogh’s paintings and drawings in the world. The museum is a must-see for anyone interested in Van Gogh’s work and is a great place to learn more about this famous artist.
5. Stroll through the Jordaan neighborhood
The Jordaan neighborhood is a charming area of Amsterdam known for its narrow streets, boutique shops, and cozy cafes. It is a great place to wander and explore, and you can find a variety of local products and souvenirs in the neighborhood’s many shops.
Also head to the Lindengrachtmarkt. Located in the Jordaan neighborhood, the Lindengrachtmarkt is a weekly market that is held on Monday mornings and is known for its variety of fresh produce and other products. It makes for a good wander!
6. Visit the Vondelpark
Vondelpark is Amsterdam’s largest park. It’s a great place to relax and enjoy the outdoors, with plenty of grassy areas to sit and picnic, as well as walking and cycling paths. You can rent a bike at one of the many bike rental shops in Amsterdam and explore the park on two wheels—there are a variety of walking and cycling paths that are great for exploring.
Also, located in the center of the park, the Vondelpark Open Air Theatre is a popular venue for concerts, films, and other events. Check the schedule to see what’s happening during your visit.
Once you’ve worked up an appetite, visit the Vondelparkpaviljoen. Located on the edge of the park, the Vondelparkpaviljoen is a popular café and restaurant that is a great place to grab a bite to eat or a drink.
And of course, if you’re traveling Amsterdam with kids, check out the playground. Vondelpark has a playground that is popular with kids and is a great place for families to play and have fun.
7. Go to the Red Light District
The Red Light District is a well-known area of Amsterdam known for its legal prostitution and sex work. While it can be a controversial destination, it is also a unique part of Amsterdam’s history and culture. If you choose to visit the Red Light District, it is important to be respectful of the people who work there and to follow the local laws and customs.
8. Take a brewery tour
Amsterdam is home to many breweries and beer bars, and taking a tour is a great way to learn about the city’s brewing history and sample some local brews. There are several brewery tours available in Amsterdam, ranging from small, local breweries to larger, more well-known breweries.
Three well-known Amsterdam breweries to consider include:
- Brouwerij ‘t IJ: Located in the east of Amsterdam, Brouwerij ‘t IJ is a small brewery that is known for its flavorful and unique beers. The brewery is located in a windmill and has a popular beer garden that is a great place to relax and enjoy a drink.
- De Prael: Located in the center of Amsterdam, De Prael is a brewery and pub that is known for its wide range of beers and its lively atmosphere. The brewery often has live music and other events, and it is a popular destination for both locals and tourists.
- Brouwerij de 7 Deugden: Located in the west of Amsterdam, Brouwerij de 7 Deugden is a small brewery that is known for its high-quality beers and unique flavors. The brewery has a cozy taproom that is a great place to relax and enjoy a drink.
Two lesser-known Amsterdam breweries to consider include:
- Oedipus Brewery: Located in the north of Amsterdam, Oedipus Brewery is a small, independent brewery that is known for its unique and experimental beers. The brewery has a cozy taproom that is a popular destination for craft beer lovers.
- Wilderen Brouwerij: Located in the west of Amsterdam, Wilderen Brouwerij is a small brewery that is known for its high-quality beers and unique flavors. The brewery has a cozy taproom that is a great place to relax and enjoy a drink.
9. Go shopping at the Albert Cuyp Market
The Albert Cuyp Market is Amsterdam’s largest outdoor market and is a great place to find fresh produce, local crafts, and other products. The market is held daily and is a popular destination for both locals and tourists.
If you’re into markets (and who isn’t!), also consider Ten Katemarkt. Located in the Oud-West neighborhood, the Ten Katemarkt is a smaller market that is held on Saturday mornings and is a great place to find fresh produce, flowers, and other products.
10. Visit the Amsterdam Museum
The Amsterdam Museum is a museum dedicated to the history of Amsterdam. The museum is a great place to learn about the city’s past, from its founding in the 13th century to the present day.
Go to the Artis Royal Zoo
The Artis Royal Zoo is Amsterdam’s oldest zoo and is home to a wide variety of animals from around the world. The zoo has a variety of exhibits and attractions, including a large aquarium, a butterfly garden, and a planetarium.
12. Take a bike tour
Exploring Amsterdam by bike is a great way to see the city and get around, as Amsterdam is a very bike-friendly city with an extensive network of bike lanes. Biking is a sustainable and environmentally-friendly mode of transportation and is a fun and healthy activity. It’s a great way to see the city, as you can easily cover a lot of ground on a bike and can stop and explore areas that you might not be able to reach by foot or public transportation. Overall, biking is a great way to experience all that Amsterdam has to offer.
Travel Planning Tips for Amsterdam
Where to Stay
Many of apartment rentals are a bit outside the city-center. If you’re keen to be in the think of things, or if you’re in Amsterdam for a short time, use Booking.com—it’s my go-to for assessing hotels.
I truly recommend renting a bike to get a feel for the city. Although the public transport is great, locals use the bikes in masse and it’s just easy. You can also rent bikes with kids seats or larger attachments that can hold 2+ kids in an attached doohickey—basically there are few reasons you shouldn’t rent a bike. But if you’re in need of other transport options, download the Uber app—it’ll get you anywhere you need to go and you’ll save a few bucks on your first ride.
Travel insurance is essential for any trip, and I have never traveled without it. Although biking in Amsterdam is safe, because you won’t instinctively know the biking rules of the road like a local, there are inherent risks. Take cautions and be prepared by insuring yourself. I use IMG Global when I travel Europe.
Additional Amsterdam Travel Tips
- High season in Amsterdam is busy. There is very little affordable last-minute accommodation throughout the summer, so plan your trip months out if you hope to find the best hostels, private rooms, or even rental flats.
- Activities are easier to plan at the last minute, and you can easily either explore solo or find local tour companies offering sightseeing tours not only in Amsterdam, but to surrounding areas of the Netherlands, as well.
- Don’t forget to bring a European plug adapter so you can charge your electronics, and the Rick Steves Amsterdam & Netherlands is far better than the Lonely Planet for this destination.
- Respect local customs and laws. Amsterdam is a diverse and liberal city, but it’s important to remember that it is still part of the Netherlands and has its own laws and customs. Make sure to respect local laws and traditions, and be mindful of your actions and behaviors while you’re in the city.
Essential Travel Planning Resources:
Booking.com: Essentially the only hotel booking site that I use in the region as it has the widest and most affordable selection in Southeast Asia.
Rome2Rio: Super handy to assess the full range of transport options between two cities—shows everything from flights to trains, buses, minibuses, and more.
Expedia: Best site, hands down, for low-cost flights in the region.
IMG Global: A travel insurance option I’ve used for well over a decade and recommend for many other travelers.